Tuesday, 17 October 2017

Interesting vocabulary for the C2 level

change up (British English) to start using a higher gear when driving a car, etc. E.g. Change up into fifth.
change something up (informal) to do something in a different way. E.g. The team needs to change things up and engage a new player.
devolved: /dɪˈvɒlvd/ if power or authority is devolved, it has been passed to somebody who has less power. Sp. transferido. E.g. devolved responsibility. a system of devolved government.
prowl: /praʊl/ 1. (+ adv./prep.) | prowl something (of an animal) to move quietly and carefully around an area, especially when hunting. E.g. The tiger prowled through the undergrowth. 2. (+ adv./prep.) | prowl something to move quietly and carefully around an area, especially with the intention of committing a crime. E.g. A man was seen prowling around outside the factory just before the fire started. 3. prowl something | (+ adv./prep.) to walk around a room, an area, etc., especially because you are bored, anxious, etc., and cannot relax. E.g.  He prowled the empty rooms of the house at night.
bevy: /ˈbevi/
a large group of people or things of the same kind. E.g. a bevy of beauties (= beautiful young women) A bevy of movie stars arrived at the White House.

tails [plural] (also tailcoat [countable]) a long jacket divided at the back below the waist into two pieces that become narrower at the bottom, worn by men at very formal events. E.g. The men all wore top hat and tails.

tail: a person who is sent to follow somebody secretly and find out information about where that person goes, what they do, etc. E.g. The police have put a tail on him. We picked up a tail.

lint: 1. small soft pieces of wool, cotton, etc. that stick on the surface of cloth. Sp. pelusa. E.g. John picked some lint out of his pocket and threw it away. lint remover n (gadget for getting rid of fibres) Sp. quita pelusas
2. a type of soft cotton cloth used for covering and protecting wounds. Sp. venda adhesiva. E.g. The medic dressed the wound with some lint to stop the bleeding.
consist in something
(formal) to have something as the main or only part or feature. E.g. The beauty of the city consists in its magnificent buildings. The beauty of air travel consists in its speed and ease. consist in doing something True education does not consist in simply being taught facts. For her, happiness consists in watching television and reading magazines

consist of somebody/ consist of something to be formed from the people or things mentioned. E.g. The committee consists of ten members. Their diet consisted largely of vegetables. Their conversation consisted almost entirely of gossip. a gas station that basically consists of two gas pumps and a vending machine. consist of doing something Most of the fieldwork consisted of making tape recordings.

licentious: /laɪˈsenʃəs/ behaving in a way that is considered sexually immoral. E.g. the ruler's tyrannical and licentious behaviour

licentiousness: /laɪˈsenʃəsnəs/ behaviour that is considered sexually immoral. E.g. The drink merely lubricated the licentiousness

debacle: /deɪˈbɑːkl/ /dɪˈbɑːkl/
an event or a situation that is a complete failure and causes embarrassment. Sp. desastre. E.g. He should take responsibility for the debacle and resign. Let’s hope this is the end of the debacle over player transfer fees. The ceremony ended up being a debacle because of poor planning and bad luck

hardwired: /ˌhɑːdˈwaɪəd/ (of a skill, quality or type of behaviour) present when you are born and not changing during your life Many aspects of morality appear to be hardwired in the brain. Anxiety is a hardwired response that everyone experiences. There is evidence that we are hardwired to be musical.

Bank freeze:  freezing of financial assets. Sp.corralito.

1. containing or like grit (Sp. arenilla, gravilla). Sp. arenoso. E.g. a layer of gritty dust. The gritty sandpaper worked well to remove the old paint from the wood.
2. showing the courage and determination to continue doing something difficult or unpleasant. Sp. valiente. E.g.  gritty determination (Sp.obstinada determinación). a gritty performance from the British player. Tottenham’s gritty fightback was rewarded by a goal in the closing minutes. The gritty soldier kept going despite the explosions.
3. showing something unpleasant as it really is. realistic, unidealized. Sp. crudo. E.g. a gritty description of urban violence. gritty realism.
A gritty industrial city.

profusely: /prəˈfjuːsli/ in large amounts, To a great degree. E.g. to bleed profusely. to apologize profusely. the book is profusely illustrated with period photos. the waiter was profusely apologetic.

: E.g. the centre is ideal for kayaking.

pull your socks up
(British English, informal) to try to improve your performance, work, behaviour, etc. E.g. You're going to have to pull your socks up.

nudge: /nʌdʒ/ a slight push, usually with the elbow. E.g. She gave me a gentle nudge in the ribs to tell me to shut up. (figurative) He can work hard but he needs a nudge now and then.

nudge somebody/something + adv./prep. to push somebody/something gently or gradually in a particular direction. E.g. He nudged the ball past the goalie and into the net. She nudged me out of the way. (figurative) He nudged the conversation towards the subject of money. (figurative) She tried to nudge him into changing his mind (= persuade him to do it).

remnant: /ˈremnənt/ a part of something that is left after the other parts have been used, removed, destroyed, etc. E.g. The woods are remnants of a huge forest which once covered the whole area. Many of the traditions are remnants of a time when most people worked on the land.

tenable: /ˈtenəbl/ (of a theory, an opinion, etc.) easy to defend against attack or criticism. Sp. sostenible. E.g. a tenable position The old idea that this work was not suitable for women was no longer tenable.

brainy: /ˈbreɪni/ very intelligent. E.g. He’s a brainy kid.

one of the many changes and problems in a situation or in your life, that you have to deal with. E.g. the vicissitudes of family life.

profitable, fruitful, productive: Sp. Fructífero

creak: to make the sound that a door sometimes makes when you open it or that a wooden floor sometimes makes when you step on it. Sp. chirriar. E.g. She heard a floorboard creak upstairs. a creaking bed/gate/stair. The table creaked and groaned under the weight. The timbers creaked as the boat set sail. + adj. The door creaked open.

impregnable: /ɪmˈpreɡnəbl/ 1. an impregnable building is so strongly built that it cannot be entered by force. Sp. impenetrable. E.g. an impregnable fortress. 2. strong and impossible to defeat or change. Invincible. E.g. The team built up an impregnable 5–1 lead. the seemingly impregnable Nazi regime.

blight something to spoil or damage something, especially by causing a lot of problems. Sp. arruinar, frustrar. E.g.  His career has been blighted by injuries. an area blighted by unemployment.
His life was blighted by alcohol.
adept: (adj) /əˈdept/
adept (at/in something) | adept (at/in doing something) good at doing something that is quite difficult. Skilful. E.g. He became adept at getting even the shyest students to talk.

adept: (N) /ˈædept/ a person who is good at doing something that is quite difficult. E.g. He was an adept at concealing the truth. to be an adept at sth/at doing sth Sp. ser experto or maestro en algo/en hacer algo.

trough: /trɒf/ a period of time when the level of something is low, especially a time when a business or the economy is not growing. E.g. There have been peaks and troughs in the long-term trend of unemployment. be persistent and take the peaks with the troughs. Economists believe we are past the trough of the recession. Investing small amounts regularly is a good way of smoothing out the peaks and troughs of the stock market.

emblem: /ˈembləm/ a design or picture that represents a country or an organization. E.g. America’s national emblem, the bald eagle. the club emblem.

unbelief: lack of belief, or the state of not believing, especially in God, a religion, etc. The fact of not having religious belief. E.g. He claimed that all sin originated from unbelief and pride.

disbelief: the feeling of not being able to believe something. E.g. He stared at me in disbelief. To enjoy the movie you have to suspend your disbelief (= pretend to believe something, even if it seems very unlikely).

custodial: /kʌˈstəʊdiəl/ involving sending somebody to prison. E.g. The judge gave him a custodial sentence (= sent him to prison).

landmark (in something) an event, a discovery, an invention, etc. that marks an important stage in something. E.g. The ceasefire was seen as a major landmark in the fight against terrorism. a landmark decision/ruling (decision that sets legal precedent) Sp. jurisprudenciain. A landmark hearing.

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