Close-up p 115. Reported Speech

Do you keep a diary?

Would you like to keep one?

What are the benefits of keeping a diary?


We are going to read a diary. Try to answer these questions:
  • When and where in history was this diary written?
  • What sort of person does this diary belong to? Young or old? Famous or not famous?
  • What’s going on in this person’s life right now?
__________________________________________________________________________
REPORTED SPEECH. Report what the diary writer writes:

ONE
Around 8pm I heard shouts from people's windows. The collective chanting is...





a form of self-empowerment.

 

E.g. He said that around 8 pm he had heard...





TWO
The world is quiet, and the silence is...




horrifying. I live alone, so I can only tell there are other human beings around from...



the occasional noises in the corridor.

 

THREE
Going out makes me feel that I am still...




connected to the world. It's very difficult to imagine how elderly citizens living alone and people with disabilities will get...



through this.

 

FOUR
One of my goals is not to fall 




sick, so I have to make myself exercise. Food is crucial to survival too, so 



I have to know whether there is enough supply.

 

FIVE
Many more people are wearing  




masks. Friends have told me to stock 



up on supplies. Rice and noodles have almost 



sold out.

 

SIX
The government hasn't said how long the lockdown 




will last, nor how we can carry on functioning. People are saying it might 



last until May.

 

SEVEN
After going home, I washed 




all my clothes and took 



a shower. Personal 



hygiene is 



important - I think I am washing my hands 



20 to 30 times a day.

 

EIGHT
On the first day of the lockdown, I couldn't write anything about it on social 




media. Internet censorship has existed for a long time here, but now it feels even more cruel.

_________________________________________________________
I’m sure you’ve guessed the situation. 
This is a diary from a citizen of 


Wuhan, the Chinese city that 



was at the epicentre of the outbreak of 



the new coronavirus. In January 2020, the Chinese government imposed 



a lockdown to prevent an 



epidemic. 



This was the first known instance in modern history of locking down a city the size of London.
 


- Rewrite similar diary entries about your own country, which is experiencing a similar lockdown situation. 

E.g. 
Our government has forbidden us to go out to do sport.

The health authorities have recommended wearing masks

The media insists that we stay at home and be patient.

The security services demand that we follow the rules and regulations


- Make a list all the problems and concerns that people must be experiencing right now.


E.g. Shoppers complain about the lack ...



of toilet rolls.


At 8.00 pm people go out on their balconies to congratulate 



the health services for their efforts. 


Family members remind one another ...



to keep fit.


I admit to...



having the fridge door always open. 


- Which of the things we have mentioned do you find most difficult to deal with

Possibilities include:
  • The fear of falling ill
  • The loneliness
  • Anger
  • The silence of the city
  • Having limited access to outdoors
  • Worrying about friends and loved ones
  • Having to pay such detailed attention to personal hygiene
  • Not knowing how long the lockdown will last
  • Worrying about food supplies
A video from the Wuhan lockdown:

https://youtu.be/t_PSSTP8ROg 


  


Thanks for joining this videoconference.
 Stay safe and have a great weekend.
  :)




 
 

Close-up p 114. Education. Extra Oral Mediation

A friend of yours from England has been asked to write a contribution to a blog about Education around the world. His assignment is to write about Education in Spain. While doing his research, he came across these pictures on Google related to education in Spain. He sends them to you so that you can shed some light on education in your country. Your friend also asks you some questions about this topic. You decide to send your friend a voice message with an explanation of 2 minutes.















1. Could you please comment on the pictures I have sent you?
2. What are the most popular teaching methodologies in Spain? What new methodological trends are becoming popular? Have traditional teaching methods outlived their usefulness in your country? How do Spanish children learn best?
3. What are the advantages and drawbacks of online learning in Spain?
4. Do Spanish schools invest heavily in new technologies? Do new technologies improve students' performance? 
5. What are the strengths of the Spanish Education? What problems do schools face in Spain? How do your schools deal with bullying?
6. Is studying at university a guarantee for future employment in Spain? Do they prepare people for the real world in your country? Why? Why not?
7. Do Spanish university students study away from home in order to get a degree? Do Spanish people think that studying in a foreign country on an Erasmus grant is something positive or not?
8. Does vocational training have a high status in Spain?
9. Do the Spaniards have lifelong learning opportunities? How are they being promoted?
10. What controversial issues do schools have to deal with in your country? Is religion a controversial subject at Spanish schools? Do Spanish parents have a say in what moral or sexual issues the schools can teach to their children?
11. Have there been any cutbacks in Education in Spain? What have been their effects?
12. Do many students drop out of school or university in Spain? Is it common for students to play truant? Why do you think these things happen? 
13. Have discipline problems worsened in Spanish schools in recent times? Compare what you know of these issues with your own school days. What punishments do successfully act as a deterrent in Spain? Are student sometimes suspended from school? and expelled?
14. Do Spanish students cheat in exams even at the university level? What do people think about it?
15. Are teachers considered role models in Spain? Does the media give them prominence? 

Useful language to describe a chart:
 
This chart illustrates how...
This
chart compares...
The results that are shown in the
chart are...
As can be seen from these results,
...
According to this chart, 
From the data in the above
chart, it is apparent that ...
We can see on this
chart how... 
The
chart indicates that...
The
chart represents...
The information given in the chart...
The percentage of people who... is shown on the chart.  
The chart shows quite clearly 
the impact of... 

Class Diary 19-12-19


- In class:

 
p24, p 25


Close-up p 31. Writing: Christmas Scrapbook.

(180 words). Deadline  21Jan

- HW:


Close-up p 31. Writing: Christmas Scrapbook.

(180 words). Deadline  21Jan


- Read an article/short story (weekly). 

- Presentation (Feb).

- Book Fair (17 Dec)


- Announcements:

- Speaking: Thursdays: 16-17, 18-19
- Language exchange English-Spanish
- Get ready for the Book Fair (17 Dec)
- Get ready for your presentation (Feb)
- What's on guide

- Questions to discuss in our next session:

Close-up p 18. Society. Speaking

Class Diary 17-12-19


- In class:

Close-up p 18. Brooklyn. Extra Listening


- HW:



4. Mediation: Write a review comparing two adverts. Useful vocabulary here:


Close-up p 31. Adverts. Mediation

(180 words). Deadline 19 Dec



- Read an article/short story (weekly). 

- Presentation (Feb).

- Book Fair (17 Dec)


- Announcements:

- Speaking: Thursdays: 16-17, 18-19
- Language exchange English-Spanish
- Get ready for the Book Fair (17 Dec)
- Get ready for your presentation (Feb)
- What's on guide

- Questions to discuss in our next session:

Close-up p 18. Society. Speaking

Close-up p 103. The Natural World. Oral Mediation

A friend of yours from England has been asked to write a contribution to Nature magazine . His assignment is to write about the natural world in Spain. While doing his research, he came across these pictures on Google related to nature and wildlife in Spain. He sends them to you so that you can shed some light on them. Your friend also asks you some questions about this topic. You decide to send your friend a voice message with an explanation of 2 minutes.





 








1. Could you please comment on the pictures I have sent you? Could you discuss what different aspects of the natural world they are depicting?

2. Why are certain animal and plant species in danger of dying out in Spain? What is being done to prevent animals from becoming extinct in Spain? Are there any endangered species in your area?

3. Is your government concerned about the environment? What environmental policies has your government introduced?

4. What are some of the main dangers facing the Spanish coasts and the creatures that live on them? Have there been any developments in your area that have endangered wildlife? What are the consequences of deforestation on the Spanish coast?

5. What is the Spanish consumers' stand on factory farming? Do consumers tend to buy free range chickens and eggs?

6. What is the Spanish people's opinion of zoos?

7. What is the situation in your area as regards recycling?

8. Are Spanish pet owners responsible generally speaking? What complaints do they normally get? What responsibilities does having domestic pets entail in Spain? What is done about the problem of mistreated or abandoned animals in your region?

9. In what ways do oil and plastic in your seas threaten marine life? What is being done to cut down on the plastic debris that goes into your sea?

10. Do Spaniards feel very strongly about abolishing blood sports?

11. Is your area affected by environmental problems of any other sort?

Useful language to describe a chart:
 
This chart illustrates how...
This
chart compares...
The results that are shown in the
chart are...
As can be seen from these results,
...
According to this chart, 
From the data in the above
chart, it is apparent that ...
We can see on this
chart how... 
The
chart indicates that...
The
chart represents...
The information given in the chart...
The percentage of people who... is shown on the chart.  
The chart shows quite clearly 
the impact of..