Thursday, 9 February 2012

Objective Proficiency p 132. Vocabulary

Ex 1
  • Decisiveness: /dɪˈsaɪsɪvnəs/ E.g. All her decisiveness disappeared when she met Mark.
  • Vision: /ˈvɪʒn/ the ability to think about or plan the future with great imagination and intelligence. Foresight. E.g. a leader of vision. He's a competent politician, but he lacks vision.
  • Creativity: /ˌkriːeɪˈtɪvəti/ E.g. Creativity and originality are more important than technical skill.
  • Determination: /dɪˌtɜːmɪˈneɪʃn/ the quality that makes you continue trying to do something even when this is difficult. E.g. fierce/grim (very serious)/dogged (tenacious) determination. He fought the illness with courage and determination. They had survived by sheer determination. Determination to do something I admire her determination to get it right.
  • Forthright: /ˈfɔːθraɪt / direct and honest in manner and speech. Frank. E.g. a woman of forthright views. He spoke in a forthright manner but without anger.
  • Forthrightness: /ˈfɔːθraɪtnəs/ (noun).
  • Approachable: /əˈprəʊtʃəbl/ friendly and easy to talk to; easy to understand. E.g. Despite being a big star, she's very approachable. An approachable piece of music.
  • Approachability (noun)
  • Stamina: /ˈstæmɪnə/ the physical or mental strength that enables you to do something difficult for long periods of time. Sp. resistencia. E.g. It takes a lot of stamina to run a marathon. Exercises aimed at increasing stamina.
Ex 2
Text 1
  • Scope: /skəʊp/ the range of things that a subject, an organization, an activity, etc. deals with. Sp. alcance. E.g. Our powers are limited in scope. This subject lies beyond the scope of our investigation. The police are broadening the scope of their investigation. These issues were outside the scope of the article.
  • Set about something / doing something: [no passive] to start doing something. E.g. She set about the business of cleaning the house. We need to set about finding a solution.
  • Ease: /iːz/ to become or to make something less unpleasant, painful, severe, etc. Alleviate. E.g. The pain immediately eased. This should help ease the pain. The plan should ease traffic congestion in the town. It would ease my mind (= make me less worried) to know that she was settled.
  • Handover /ˈhændəʊvə(r)/ the act of moving power or responsibility from one person or group to another; the period during which this is done. E.g. the smooth handover of power from a military to a civilian government.

  • Breadth: /bredθ/ a wide range (of knowledge, interests, etc.) E.g. He was surprised at her breadth of reading. The curriculum needs breadth and balance. A new political leader whose breadth of vision (= willingness to accept new ideas) can persuade others to change.
  • Hold something: to have a particular job or position. E.g. How long has he held office? Mrs Thatcher held the post of Prime Minister longer than anyone else last century. 
  • Put right: rectify. E.g put right past mistakes.
  • Grasp: 1 grasp somebody/something to take a firm hold of somebody/something. Grip. E.g. He grasped my hand and shook it warmly. Kay grasped him by the wrist. 2 to understand something completely. E.g. grasp something They failed to grasp the importance of his words. Grasp how, why, etc… She was unable to grasp how to do it. Grasp that… It took him some time to grasp that he was now a public figure. 
  • Convey: / kənˈveɪ/ to make ideas, feelings, etc. known to somebody. Communicate.E.g. convey something Colours like red convey a sense of energy and strength. Convey something to somebody (formal) Please convey my apologies to your wife. Convey how, what, etc… He tried desperately to convey how urgent the situation was. Convey that… She did not wish to convey that they were all at fault.
  • Board: a group of people who have power to make decisions and control a company or other organization. E.g. She has a seat on the board of directors. The board is/are unhappy about falling sales. Members of the board. Discussions at board level. The academic board (= for example, of a British university).
  • Conclusive: /kənˈkluːsɪv/ proving something, and allowing no doubt or confusion. Sp. concluyente, definitivo. E.g. conclusive evidence/proof/results. The evidence is by no means conclusive.
  • Rubber stamp: 1 a small tool that you hold in your hand and use for printing the date, the name of an organization, etc. on a document. 2 (disapproving) a person or group that automatically gives approval to the actions or decisions of others. E.g. Parliament is seen as a rubber stamp for decisions made elsewhere.  

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