a refers to person talking - conscious of themselves
b wrongly heard
c going against something, not productive
d for something, in favour
e too much of something
f under/ below
g more than - here it is more than human
h against something
i before - arranged before
j to do more in the sense of competition here
k less - the idea that something isn't given its true worth
c has outlived
overhear to hear, especially by accident, a conversation in which you are not involved. E.g. We overheard them arguing. I overheard him say he was going to France.
Counter-argument: an argument in opposition to another.
Back down: to take back a demand, an opinion, etc. that other people are strongly opposed to; to admit defeat. E.g. She refused to back down on a point of principle.
- Overcook something:to cook food for too long.
- Undercook something:to not cook something for long enough, with the result that it is not ready to eat.
- Charred: /ˈtʃɑːd/ burnt and black. Sp. Carbonizado. E.g. the charred remains of a burnt-out car.
1. would / does
To all intents and purposes: used for saying that although something is not exactly true or accurate, the situation is the same as if it were true or accurate. Sp. A todos los efectos. E.g. They run a car that to all intents and purposes is a commercial delivery vehicle. By 1981 the docks had, to all intents and purposes, closed. The two items are, to all intents and purposes, identical.
4. tell/ see
En route: /ˌɒn ˈruːt/ on the way; while travelling from/to a particular place. E.g. We stopped for a picnic en route. The bus broke down en route from Boston to New York.
Undergo something: to experience something, especially a change or something unpleasant. Sp. Experimentar, sufrir, someterse. E.g. to undergo tests/trials/repairs. My mother underwent major surgery last year. Some children undergo a complete transformation when they become teenagers.
Sea change: a strong and noticeable change in a situation. E.g. It was one of those momentous events that cause a sea change in public attitudes.
Come as no surprise: E.g. It comes as no surprise to learn that they broke their promises.
Dress down: to wear clothes that are more informal than those you usually wear, for example in an office.
Dress up: to wear clothes that are more formal than those you usually wear. E.g. There's no need to dress up—come as you are.
- Scruffy: dirty or untidy. Shabby. Desaliñado. E.g. He looked a little scruffy. Scruffy pair of jeans.
- Alienate somebody (from something/somebody): /ˈeɪliəneɪt/ to make somebody feel that they do not belong in a particular group. Sp. Distanciarse. E.g. Very talented children may feel alienated from the others in their class. Social workers mustn't dress too smartly, because that would alienate them from their clients, who usually can't afford smart clothes.