Saturday, 31 December 2011

Objective Proficiency p 92. Channel 5 TV Listings. Extra Word Formation

1____ (CON) , 2____ (FLEECE) and Left for 3____ (BREAK)

Brand new 4___________ (DOCUMENT) 5__________ (REVEAL) the dangers of 6_________ (BE) too 7_____________ (TRUST). Three women tell how they were 8____________ (EMOTION) 9____________ (MANIPULATION) and 10_____________ (RUTH) 11___________ (FRAUD) by their best friends.


1. Conned
Con to trick somebody, especially in order to get money from them or persuade them to do something for you. E.g. con somebody (into doing something) I was conned into buying a useless car. Con somebody (out of something) They had been conned out of £100,000.

2. Fleeced
fleece somebody (informal) (V) to take a lot of money from somebody by charging them too much or swindling (cheating) them. E.g. Some local shops have been fleecing tourists. The city’s cab drivers are notorious for fixing fares and fleecing tourists.

fleece: (N) the wool coat of a sheep; this coat when it has been removed from a sheep (by shearing ) 

3. Broke: having no money. E.g. I'm always broke by the end of the month. During the recession thousands of small businesses went broke (= had to stop doing business).

4. documentary
Brand new: completely new. E.g. a brand new computer. She bought her car brand new.

5. revealing

6. being

7. trusting/ trustful
trusting: tending to believe that other people are good, honest, etc. E.g. If you're too trusting, other people will take advantage of you.

trustful: having or marked by a total belief in the reliability, truth, or ability of someone. E.g. I became very nervous and less trustful of people. He is too trustful and does not realize what people are capable of doing to him.

8. emotionally 

9. manipulated 

10. ruthlessly: in a hard and cruel way; determined to get what you want and not caring if you hurt other people. E.g. I have to be ruthlessly honest with you. They should be punished ruthlessly for what they have done. An industry that so ruthlessly fleeces its customers shouldn't be surprised when some bite back.

ruth: a feeling of pity, distress, or grief. E.g. in this business I have neither ruth nor pity. Her honesty is never ruthless in the strict sense of the word; there is ruth, or mercy, even for the worst. But when it comes to making personnel decisions, Johnson is legendarily ruthless; not an ounce of ruth in him.

11. defrauded
defraud: /dɪˈfrɔːd/ to get money illegally from a person or an organization by tricking them. E.g. All three men were charged with conspiracy to defraud. They were accused of defrauding the company of $14000.


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