Thursday, 29 December 2011

Objective Proficiency p 90. Vocabulary

Ex 1
  • Wade through something: [no passive] to deal with or read something that is boring and takes a lot of time. E.g. I spent the whole day wading through the paperwork on my desk.
  • Denigrate somebody/something (formal): to criticize somebody/something unfairly; to say somebody/something does not have any value or is not important. E.g. I didn't intend to denigrate her achievements.
  • A high/low profile: the amount of attention somebody/something has from the public. E.g. This issue has had a high profile (notoriedad) in recent months. I advised her to keep a low profile (pasar desapercibido, tener una actitud discreta) for the next few days (= not to attract attention).
  • Pop + adverb/preposition: to suddenly appear, especially when not expected. E.g. The window opened and a dog's head popped out. An idea suddenly popped into his head. (computing) The menu pops up when you click twice on the mouse.
  • Mercedes: /mə ˈseɪd ɪz / Benz /benz/
  • Bonnet: /ˈbɒnɪt/ (North American English hood) the metal part over the front of a vehicle, usually covering the engine. Capó.
  • Trunk: (British English, North American English) (British English boot) the space at the back of a car that you put bags, cases, etc. in
Ex 2 
  • Lump it: (informal) to accept something unpleasant because there's no other choice. Aguantarse. I'm sorry you're not happy about it but you'll just have to lump it. That's the situation—like it or lump it!
  • Dire: /ˈdaɪə(r) / very serious. E.g. living in dire poverty. Dire warnings/threats. Such action may have dire consequences. We're in dire need of your help. The firm is in dire straits (= in a very difficult situation) and may go bankrupt.
  • On/to the verge of something/of doing something: very near to the moment when somebody does something or something happens. E.g. He was on the verge of tears. They are on the verge of signing a new contract. These measures brought the republic to the verge of economic collapse.
  • Bound to do/be something: certain or likely to happen, or to do or be something. E.g. There are bound to be changes when the new system is introduced. It's bound to be sunny again tomorrow. You've done so much work—you're bound to pass the exam. It was bound to happen sooner or later (= we should have expected it). You're bound to be nervous the first time (= it's easy to understand).
  • Comfort: /ˈkʌmfət/ to make somebody who is worried or unhappy feel better by being kind and sympathetic towards them. Consolar. E.g. The victim's widow was today being comforted by family and friends. She comforted herself with the thought that it would soon be spring. It comforted her to feel his arms around her. Read on and you are bound to feel comforted (/ˈkʌmfətɪd/ reconfortado).
  • A prime example of something is one that is typical of it. E.g. The building is a prime example of 1960s architecture.
  • Parochial: /pəˈrəʊkiəl/ only concerned with small issues that happen in your local area and not interested in more important things. Provinciano, pueblerino. E.g. They need to be better informed and less parochial in their thinking. 
  • Disseminate:(V) /dɪˈsemɪneɪt/ to spread information, knowledge, etc. so that it reaches many people. Difundir. E.g. Their findings have been widely disseminated. 
  • Dissemination: (N) /dɪˌsemɪˈneɪʃn/ 
  • Solace: /ˈsɒləs/ a feeling of emotional comfort when you are sad or disappointed; a person or thing that makes you feel better or happier when you are sad or disappointed. Consuelo. E.g. He sought solace in the whisky bottle. She turned to Rob for solace. His grandchildren were a solace in his old age.
  • Inflict: /ɪnˈflɪkt/ to make somebody/something suffer something unpleasant. Imponer, causar, ocasionar, E.g. They inflicted a humiliating defeat on the home team. Heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy. Do you have to inflict that music on us? They surveyed the damage inflicted by the storm. The rodent's sharp teeth can inflict a nasty bite.
  • Unsuspecting: /ˌʌnsəˈspektɪŋ/ feeling no suspicion; not aware of danger or of something bad. Confiado, desprevenido. E.g. He had crept up on his unsuspecting victim from behind.
  • Unerring: /ʌnˈɜːrɪŋ/ always right or accurate. Certero, infalible. E.g. She had an unerring instinct for a good business deal. He could predict with unerring accuracy what the score would be.
  • Unerringly: /ʌnˈɜːrɪŋli/ infaliblemente.  
  • In the final/last analysis: used to say what is most important after everything has been discussed, or considered. E.g.In the final analysis, it's a matter of personal choice.
  • Enrage somebody: /ɪnˈreɪdʒ/ to make somebody very angry. Infuriate. E.g. She was enraged at his stupidity. The newspaper article enraged him.
  • Nike: /ˈnaɪki/ 
  • Coca-cola: / ˌkəʊk ə ˈkəʊl ə/ 
  • When all is said and done: when everything is considered. Al fin y al cabo. E.g. I know you're upset, but when all's said and done it isn't exactly a disaster.
  • Innocuous: /ɪˈnɒkjuəs/ not harmful or dangerous. E.g. an innocuous substance.
  • Heroin: /ˈherəʊɪn/
  • Cocaine: /kəʊˈkeɪn/ (also coke /kəʊk/)
  • Issue: /ˈɪʃuː/ to make something known formally. E.g. They issued a joint statement denying the charges. The police have issued an appeal for witnesses.
  • Doom and gloom: a general feeling of having lost all hope, and of pessimism (= expecting things to go badly). E.g. Despite the obvious setbacks, it is not all doom and gloom for the England team.

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