Tuesday, 13 December 2011

Objective Proficiency p 74. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 1
1 B 
Emblem: /ˈembləm/ a design or picture that represents a country or an organization. Sp. Emblema, símbolo. E.g. America's national emblem, the bald eagle. The club emblem.

Token: something that is a symbol of a feeling, a fact, an event, etc. Expression, mark. Sp. Señal. E.g. Please accept this small gift as a token of our gratitude.
Attire: /əˈtaɪə(r)/ (U) clothes. E.g. dressed in formal evening attire.

2 C
Flamboyance: /flæmˈbɔɪəns/ showiness. The quality or state of being flamboyant.
Flamboyant: 1.  different, confident and exciting in a way that attracts attention. E.g. a flamboyant gesture/ style/ personality. He was flamboyant and temperamental on and off the stage. 2. brightly coloured and noticeable. E.g. flamboyant clothes/designs.

countenance: /ˈkaʊntənəns/ (formal or literary) a person's face or their expression. Sp. semblante. E.g. her calmly smiling countenance. A young man of handsome countenance.

3 A
Scurry: /ˈskʌri/ to run with quick short steps. E.g. She said goodbye and scurried back to work. Pedestrians scurried for cover.
Tuck in/ tuck into something (British English, informal): to eat a lot of food, especially when it is done quickly and with enthusiasm. E.g. Come on, tuck in everyone! He was tucking into a huge plateful of pasta.

tuck somebody in/up to make somebody feel comfortable in bed by pulling the covers up around them. E.g. I tucked the children in and said goodnight. 

tuck something + adverb/preposition to push, fold or turn the ends or edges of clothes, paper, etc. so that they are held in place or look neat. E.g. She tucked up her skirt and waded into the river. The sheets should be tucked in neatly (= around the bed). Tuck the flap of the envelope in. He tucked his shirt into his trousers.

Latch onto sb/ sth: to become attached to somebody/something. Sp. Agarrarse. E.g. antibodies that latch onto germs.

4. C 

5. D
price tag: a label on something that shows how much you must pay. E.g. (figurative) There is a £2 million price tag on the team's star player.

Flap: a flat piece of paper, cloth, metal, etc. that is attached to something along one side and that hangs down or covers an opening. E.g. the flap of an envelope.

Ostentatious: /ˌɒstenˈteɪʃəs/ behaving in a way that is meant to impress people by showing how rich, important, etc. you are.
Affectation: /ˌæfekˈteɪʃn / behaviour or an action that is not natural or sincere and that is often intended to impress other people. E.g. His little affectations irritated her. Kay has no affectation at all. He raised his eyebrows with an affectation of surprise (= pretending to be surprised).

6 B
accessory a thing that you can wear or carry that matches your clothes, for example a belt or a bag. E.g. fashion accessories to dress up your wardrobe.

Balloon (out/up): /bəˈluːn/ to suddenly swell out or get bigger. E.g. Her skirt ballooned out in the wind. Unemployment ballooned to fourteen per cent.

7 D

pioneer: /ˌpaɪəˈnɪə(r)/ pioneer something when somebody pioneers something, they are one of the first people to do, discover or use something new. E.g. a new technique pioneered by surgeons in a London hospital.

uphold something to support something that you think is right and make sure that it continues to exist. E.g. We have a duty to uphold the law. The regime has been criticized for failing to uphold human rights.
Adherent: /ədˈhɪərənt/ a person who supports a political party or set of ideas. Supporter. E.g. Adherents of all religions. Slowly, we are gaining adherents to our cause.

8 C

dominant: more important, powerful or noticeable than other things. E.g. The firm has achieved a dominant position in the world market. The dominant feature of the room was the large fireplace.
Prevalent: /ˈprevələnt / that exists or is very common at a particular time or in a particular place. Common. Widespread. E.g. These prejudices are particularly prevalent among people living in the North. The disease is even more prevalent in Latin America.

Ex 2
1. a widespread belief that having your/a photo 

2. can't have set off yet
Set off: to begin a journey. E.g. We set off for London just after ten. 

3. takes great pride in 

4. did we know at the time what a 

5. had I returned from the supermarket than

6. Many's the time you've come to mind 
Many a time/ many's the time (that) many times; frequently. E.g. Many's the time she's forgiven her husband.

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