Wednesday, 21 December 2011

Objective Proficiency p 82 & 83. Vocabulary

Gapped Text
  • Jumble: /ˈdʒʌmbl/ to mix things together in a confused or untidy way. E.g. Books, shoes and clothes were jumbled together on the floor.
  • Jumbled: (adj) E.g. a jumbled collection of objects. Jumbled thoughts.
  • Hang together: to fit together well; to be the same as or consistent with each other. E.g. Their accounts of what happened don't hang together.
  • Blatant: /ˈbleɪtnt/ done in an obvious and open way without caring if people are shocked. Descarado. E.g. a blatant attempt to buy votes. It was a blatant lie.
  • Upstanding: behaving in a moral and honest way. Upright. E.g. an upstanding member of the community.
  • Pervade: /pəˈveɪd/ to spread through and be noticeable in every part of something. Llenar, invadir. E.g. a pervading mood of fear. The sadness that pervades most of her novels. The entire house was pervaded by a sour smell. 
  • Poll: (also opinion poll) the process of questioning people who are representative of a larger group in order to get information about the general opinion. Survey. E.g. to carry out/conduct a poll. A recent poll suggests some surprising changes in public opinion. A nationwide poll revealed different food preferences in the North and the South.
  • Machiavellian: /ˌmækiəˈveliən/ using clever plans to achieve what you want, without people realizing what you are doing. Cunning, unscrupulous. Maquiavélico. E.g. Machiavellian manipulation. 
  • Fabricate something: to invent false information in order to trick people. Make up. E.g. The evidence was totally fabricated. The prisoner claimed the police had fabricated his confession. 
  • Fabrication: (N) E.g. Her story was a complete fabrication from start to finish.  
  • Withdrawn: / wɪðˈdrɔːn/ not wanting to talk to other people; extremely quiet and shy.
  • Deceit: /dɪˈsiːt / dishonest behaviour that is intended to make somebody believe something that is not true; an example of this behaviour. Deception. Engaño. E.g. He was accused of lies and deceit. Everyone was involved in this web of deceit. Their marriage was an illusion and a deceit.
  • Plausible: /ˈplɔːzəbl/ reasonable and likely to be true. E.g. Her story sounded perfectly plausible.The only plausible explanation is that he forgot. The story was plausible but that didn’t necessarily mean it was true.
  • Fib: to tell a lie, usually about something that is not important. E.g. Come on, don't fib! Where were you really last night? 
  • Smooth-talking: talking very politely and confidently, especially to persuade somebody to do something, but in a way that may not be honest or sincere. E.g. a smooth-talking lawyer.
  • Consummate: /ˈkɒnsəmət/ extremely skilled; perfect. E.g. She was a consummate performer. He played the shot with consummate skill. (disapproving) a consummate liar.
  • Take something/somebody on: to decide to do something; to agree to be responsible for something/somebody. E.g. I can't take on any extra work. We're not taking on any new clients at present.
  • Mayhem: /ˈmeɪhem/ confusion and fear, usually caused by violent behaviour or by some sudden shocking event. E.g. There was absolute mayhem when everyone tried to get out at once. It only takes a few stupid people to create mayhem in a crowd.
  • Ensue: / ɪnˈsjuː/ to happen after or as a result of another event. Seguir. E.g. An argument ensued. Mayhem ensued.
  • Weed something/somebody out: to remove or get rid of people or things from a group because they are not wanted or are less good than the rest. E:g. Most applicants get weeded out before the interview stage.
  • Oust: to force somebody out of a job or position of power, especially in order to take their place. E.g. He was ousted as chairman. The rebels finally managed to oust the government from power.
  • Truss somebody/something (up): to tie up somebody's arms and legs so that they cannot move. E.g. The guard had been gagged and trussed up.
  • Gag: to put a piece of cloth in or over somebody's mouth.
  • Lend itself to something: to be suitable for something. E.g. Her voice doesn't really lend itself well to blues singing.
  • Giveaway: something that makes you guess the real truth about something/somebody. E.g. She pretended she wasn't excited but the expression on her face was a dead (= obvious) giveaway.
  • Shifty: seeming to be dishonest; looking guilty about something. Sospechoso. E.g. shifty eyes. To look shifty.
  • Fabricator: someone who tells lies. 
  • Capitalize on/upon something: to gain a further advantage for yourself from a situation. Take advantage of something. E.g. The team failed to capitalize on their early lead.
  • Blink: when you blink or blink your eyes or your eyes blink, you shut and open your eyes quickly. E.g He blinked in the bright sunlight.

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