Monday, 5 December 2011

Objective Proficiency p 66. Vocabulary

Ex 1
  • Amenity: /əˈmiːnəti/ (plural amenities) a feature that makes a place pleasant, comfortable or easy to live in. Servicio. E.g. The campsite is close to all local amenities. Many of the houses lacked even basic amenities (= baths, showers, hot water, etc.)

Ex 4
quick-thinking (politician)

long-running (TV series/ play) (that has been continuing for a long time)

short-sighted (policy)
short-sighted not thinking carefully about the possible effects of something or what might happen in the future. E.g. an attitude which is likely to prove short-sighted.

well thought-through (argument) /well thought-out (argument): carefully planned.

far-sighted (plan) (having or showing an understanding of the effects in the future of actions that you take now, and being able to plan for them. E.g. the most far-sighted of politicians. A far-sighted decision.

far-thinking (planner): far-sighted, forward-thinking.

poorly-constructed (building/ office block)

poorly-fitting (cupboards)
Fitting: fitted around or to something or someone in a specified way: loose-fitting trousers.

poorly thought-through (plan)/ poorly thought-out (plan)

smashed-up (car) (crashed and severely damaged. E.g. a smashed-up Land Rover)

blown-down (trees)

blown-out (windows) (if a window blows out, or if something blows it out, it breaks into pieces that fall outside the building. E.g. The bomb blew out all the windows on the bus).

blown-up (buildings) 
blow up: to explode; to be destroyed by an explosion. E.g. The bomb blew up. A police officer was killed when his car blew up.

Ex 2 (2002 edition)
Cool Brazil

  • Astute: /əˈstjuːt/ very clever and quick at seeing what to do in a particular situation, especially how to get an advantage. Shrewd. E.g. an astute businessman/politician/observer. It was an astute move to sell the shares then. She was astute enough to realize that what Jack wanted was her money.
  • Couple: to join together two parts of something, for example two vehicles or pieces of equipment.  couple A and B together E.g. The two train cars had been coupled together. 
  • Staggering: so great, shocking or surprising that it is difficult to believe. Astounding. Asombroso, sorprendente. E.g. They paid a staggering £5 million for the house.  
  • Turnstile: /ˈtɜːnstaɪl/ a gate at the entrance to a public building, stadium, etc. that turns in a circle when pushed, allowing one person to go through at a time.

  • Token: a round piece of metal or plastic used instead of money to operate some machines or as a form of payment. E.g. a parking token.

  • In a trice: / traɪs/ very quickly or suddenly. E.g. He was gone in a trice.

English Journey
  • Wanting: not having enough of something; not good enough. Sp. Deficiente. E.g. This explanation is wanting in many respects.
  • Pack: a group of animals that hunt together or are kept for hunting. E.g. packs of savage dogs. Wolves hunting in packs. A pack of hounds. 
  • By/from all accounts: according to what other people say. I've never been there, but it's a lovely place, by all accounts.
  • Farcical: /ˈfɑːsɪkl/ ridiculous and not worth taking seriously. Sp. Ridículo, absurdo. E.g. It was a farcical trial. A situation verging on the farcical.
  • Board something up: to cover a window, door, etc. with wooden boards. E.g. Most buildings along the street had been boarded up.

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