Monday, 9 January 2012

Objective Proficiency 2002 p 101. Vocabulary

The Subjectivity of Psychology
  • Meagre: /ˈmiːɡə(r)/ small in quantity and poor in quality. Sp. escaso, precario. E.g. a meagre diet of bread and water. She supplements her meagre income by cleaning at night.
  • Apt: likely or having a natural tendency to do something. Apt to be… apt to be forgetful/careless. Apt to do something Babies are apt to put objects into their mouths.
  • Worship: /ˈwɜːʃɪp/ a strong feeling of love and respect for somebody/something. Adoration. E.g. What she feels for him is akin to (similar to) worship.
  • Bruise somebody: /bruːz/ to affect somebody badly and make them feel unhappy and less confident. Sp. herir. E.g. They had been badly bruised by the defeat. 
  • Paraphernalia: /ˌpærəfəˈneɪliə/ a large number of objects or personal possessions, especially the equipment that you need for a particular activity. E.g. skiing paraphernalia. An electric kettle and all the paraphernalia for making tea and coffee.
  • Clutter: /ˈklʌtə(r)/ clutter something (up) (with something/somebody) to fill a place with too many things, so that it is untidy. Sp. abarrotar. E.g. Don't clutter the page with too many diagrams. I don't want all these files cluttering up my desk. (figurative) Try not to clutter your head with trivia (unimportant matters, details or information).
  • Compulsion: /kəmˈpʌlʃn / strong pressure that makes somebody do something that they do not want to do. Sp. obligación, coacción. E.g. You are under no compulsion to pay immediately. There are no compulsions on students to attend classes. The legal system is based on compulsion.
  • Revulsion: /rɪˈvʌlʃn/ a strong feeling of disgust or horror. Repugnance. Sp. repugnancia, asco. E.g. She felt a deep sense of revulsion at the violence. I started to feel a revulsion against their decadent lifestyle. Most people viewed the bombings with revulsion. Wisdom, as usual, lies somewhere between compulsion and revulsion.
  • Acknowledge: /əkˈnɒlɪdʒ/ to accept that something is true. E.g. acknowledge something She refuses to acknowledge the need for reform. Are you prepared to acknowledge your responsibility? Acknowledge that… I did not acknowledge that he had done anything wrong. Acknowledge something to be, have, etc. something It is generally acknowledged to be true.
  • Overawe: /ˌəʊvərˈɔː/ to impress somebody so much that they feel nervous or frightened. Sp. intimidar. E.g. The younger players were overawed by the occasion and played badly. Overawed (adj) E.g. He's mature for his age and he's not overawed.
  • Scornful: /ˈskɔːnfl/ showing or feeling scorn. Contemptuous. Sp. desdeñoso. E.g. a scornful laugh. Scornful of something He was scornful of such ‘female’ activities as cooking.

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