Tuesday, 31 January 2012

Objective Proficiency p 123. Prepositions. Extra Key Word Transformations

1. Why do what others are doing just because they dye their hair pink?
BANDWAGON
Why _____________________ just because other people dye their hair pink?
2. Don't decide too quickly that he is unfriendly, just because he is on the quiet side.
CONCLUSION
Don't _____________________  that he is unfriendly, just because he is on the quiet side. 
3. I buy the Daily Trader magazine to keep informed about the latest developments in the stock market.
ABREAST
I buy the Daily Trader magazine to ___________________the latest developments in the stock market.
4. Keeping yourself occupied will keep boredom away
BAY
Keeping yourself occupied will _______________________.
5. Workers knew nothing about the plans to sell the company.
DARK
Workers were ___________________ the plans to sell the company. 
6. He couldn't believe it was 10 o'clock; he had been so enthralled by the film that he had totally lost track of time.
ENGROSSED
He couldn't believe it was 10 o'clock; he had been _________________ the film that he had totally lost track of time.
7. The Minister's plan to abolish the tax was widely approved of.
APPROVAL
The Minister's plan to abolish the tax __________________________________ .
8. Don't shout at me
VOICE
Don't _________________ me
9. We must improve people's knowledge about the problems facing refugees.
AWARENESS
We must____________________________ the problems facing refugees.
10. I used to beat my son at chess but now he is much better than me.
RINGS
I used to beat my son at chess but now he _____________________ me.


  


KEY
1. Why jump/ climb on the bandwagon just because other people dye their hair pink?

Climb/jump on the bandwagon: (informal, disapproving) to join others in doing something that is becoming fashionable because you hope to become popular or successful yourself. E.g. politicians eager to jump on the environmental bandwagon. Origin: In the US, political parades often included a band on a wagon. Political leaders would join them in the hope of winning popular support.



2. Don't jump/leap to the conclusion  that he is unfriendly, just because he is on the quiet side. 

Jump/leap to conclusions/ jump/leap to the conclusion that…to make a decision about somebody/something too quickly, before you know or have thought about all the facts. E.g. There I go again—jumping to conclusions. 



3. I buy the Daily Trader magazine to keep abreast of the latest developments in the stock market. 

Keep abreast of something: to make sure that you know all the most recent facts about a subject. E.g.
It is almost impossible to keep abreast of all the latest developments in computing.
Abreast (adv) /əˈbrest/ next to somebody/something and facing the same way. E.g. cycling two abreast. Abreast of somebody/something A police car drew abreast of us and signalled us to stop.
 
 
 
4. Keeping yourself occupied will keep/ hold boredom at bay.  
 
Hold/keep somebody/something at bay: to prevent an enemy from coming close or a problem from having a bad effect. Ward off. E.g. I'm trying to keep my creditors at bay. Charlotte bit her lip to hold the tears at bay.
 
 
 
5. Workers were kept in the dark about the plans to sell the company. 
 
In the dark (about something): knowing nothing about something. E.g. She arrived at the meeting as much in the dark as everyone else. I would rather know than be kept in the dark.
 
 
 
6. He couldn't believe it was 10 o'clock; he had been so engrossed in/ with the film that he had totally lost track of time. 
 
Enthral: /ɪnˈθrɔːl/ if something enthrals you, it is so interesting, beautiful, etc. that you give it all your attention. E.g. The child watched, enthralled by the bright moving images. This book will enthral readers of all ages. An enthralling performance.
 
Engrossed: /ɪnˈɡrəʊst/ (in/with something) so interested or involved in something that you give it all your attention. E.g. She was engrossed in conversation.
 
 
 
7. The Minister's plan to abolish the tax met with widespread approval.
 
Meet with sb's approval/ disapproval: to be approved of / disapproved of. E.g. Do the plans meet with your approval?
 
 
 
8. Don't raise your voice to me. 
 
 
 
9. We must raise/ heighten/ increase public awareness of the problems facing refugees.
 
To raise/heighten/increase public awareness of something: to improve people's knowledge about something.
 
 
 
 
10. I used to beat my son at chess but now he runs rings around me.
  
Run rings around/round somebody: (informal) to be much better at doing something than somebody else.
E.g. They'll run rings round such a poor team. 


 
 
 
 

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