Saturday, 28 January 2012

Objective Proficiency p 120. Horizon - The Truth About Exercise. Extra Listening


Like many, Michael Mosley want to get fitter and healthier but can't face hours on the treadmill or trips to the gym. Help may be at hand.

He uncovers the surprising new research which suggests many of us could benefit from just three minutes of high intensity exercise a week.

He discovers the hidden power of simple activities like walking and fidgeting, and finds out why some of us don't respond to exercise at all

Using himself as a guinea pig, Michael uncovers the surprising new research about exercise, that has the power to make us all live longer and healthier lives.



Watch this video and answer the questions:

1.       Michael Mosley doesn’t enjoy doing exercise and he _______________ the time he spends doing it.
2. He thought exercise was just about ___________ the streets or hitting the gym.
3. Research is showing us how, without _____________________, we can all live healthier and longer lives.
4. He is going to start by putting himself in the ______________________ and see what he can learn from people who push their bodies to the limit.
5. He is at Loughborough University, the training ground for many Olympic ______________.
6. Will Sharman is aiming for a medal in the 110 m ___________at London 2012.
7. There are some things within Will's training components that are ____________, and he doesn't enjoy them at the time.
8. He doesn't enjoy having ____________ in his legs. It's really painful.
9. Michael Mosley is currently doing _______ hours of training a week.
10. As the camera crew set up to film their epic contest, and having only had time to place a small trackside camera, Will and Michael prepared for their ____________________ with what was meant to be a warm-up.
11.  But after just three paces, Michael __________ a muscle.
12. The difference between a Ferrari like Will and a  ____________ like myself is not just down to training.
13. Most of us want to ____________ and make some progress on the _______________.
14. Dr. Keith Tolfrey is going to be measuring the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide that Michael _____.
15. Dr. Keith ____________________ by pointing out how long I would have to run to burn off a selection of foods.
16. In the long term, very few people are willing to put in the hours that are necessary to lose weight and __________________.
17. As Michael and Keith have been standing there talking, Michael has been unconsciously ___________ at the Cappuccino because it is in his hand.
18. Many of the most important benefits of exercise ______________ deep inside your body.
19. Jason Gill sticks a needle in Michael's arm. Before sticking a needle doctors usually say: ________________________.
20. Michael doesn't feel very hungry. He just feels a bit ______________.

KEY
1.       Begrudges (Begrudge: /bɪˈɡrʌdʒ/ to feel unhappy about having to do, pay or give something. Sp. Dar de mala gana. E.g. I begrudge every second I spent trying to help him. They begrudge paying so much money for a second-rate service.)



2. Pounding (pound: to hit something/somebody hard many times, especially in a way that makes a lot of noise. E.g. Heavy rain pounded on the roof. She pounded him with her fists. 



3. Breaking a sweat.



4. Lion's den (the lion's den: a difficult situation in which you have to face a person or people who are unfriendly or aggressive towards you).



5. Hopefuls (Hopeful (Noun):a person who wants to succeed at something. E.g. 50 young hopefuls are trying for a place in the England team.) 



6. Hurdles (a race in which runners or horses have to jump over hurdles (vertical frames that a person or horse jumps over in a race. Sp. Vallas). E.g. the 300 m hurdles




7. Gruelling (/ ˈɡruːəlɪŋ/ very difficult and tiring, needing great effort for a long time. Sp. Agotador. E.g. a gruelling journey/schedule. I've had a gruelling day.



8. Lactic acid: /ˌlæktɪk ˈæsɪd/ an acid that forms in sour milk and is also produced in the muscles during hard exercise.



9. No.



10. Head-to-head (in which two people or groups face each other directly in order to decide the result of a disagreement or competition).



11. pulled. (pull something: to damage a muscle, etc. by using too much force. Sp. Desgarrarse. E.g. to pull a muscle/ligament/tendon).



12. Hatchback: a car with a sloping door at the back that opens upwards.




13. Firm up ( to become harder or more solid. E.g. Put the mixture somewhere cool to firm up. A few weeks of aerobics will firm up that flabby (having soft, loose flesh; fat) stomach.


Waistline (the amount that a person measures around the waist, used to talk about how fat or thin they are. Sp. Cintura, línea. E.g. an expanding waistline. All this butter and cream won't do much for my waistline.)



14. Exhales.



15. Rubs it in. (to keep reminding somebody of something they feel embarrassed about and want to forget. Sp. Refregar por las narices. E.g. I know I was stupid; you don't have to rub it in.)  



16. Keep it off (keep somebody/something off to prevent somebody/something from coming near, touching, etc. somebody/something. E.g. They lit a fire to keep off wild animals. Keep your hands off (= do not touch) me!



17. sipping. (Sip: to drink something, taking a very small amount each time. E.g. She sat there, sipping at her tea. He slowly sipped his wine.)



18. Lie hidden



19.  Sharp scratch.



20. Peckish  (slightly hungry. E.g. Is there anything to eat? I'm feeling a bit peckish.)

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