Monday, 16 January 2012

Objective Proficiency p 108. Vocabulary

Ex 1
  • Draw on/upon something: to use a supply of something that is available to you. Sp. recurrir a. E.g. I'll have to draw on my savings. The novelist draws heavily on her personal experiences.
  • Conditional (on/upon something) /kənˈdɪʃənl/ depending on something. E.g. conditional approval/ acceptance. Payment is conditional upon delivery of the goods (= if the goods are not delivered the money will not be paid). Many final year students have been offered jobs, conditional on their graduation in June.
  • In the first instance: (formal) as the first part of a series of actions. Sp. en primer lugar. E.g. In the first instance, notify the police and then contact your insurance company.
  • The cutting edge (of something) the newest, most advanced stage in the development of something. E.g. working at the cutting edge of computer technology.
  • Set: (adj) likely to do something; ready for something or to do something. E.g. The team looks set for victory. Interest rates look set to rise again. Be set to leave by 10 o'clock. 
  • Bid: an effort to do something or to obtain something. E.g. Bid for something a bid for power. Bid to do something a desperate bid to escape from his attackers.
  • Take sth up: to start or begin something such as a job. E.g. He takes up his duties next week. 
  • Relish: great enjoyment or pleasure. E.g. She savoured the moment with obvious relish. 
  • Recall: the ability to remember something that you have learned or something that has happened in the past. Sp. memoria. E.g. She has amazing powers of recall. To have instant recall (= to be able to remember something immediately)to have total recall (= to be able to remember all the details of something).
  • Move (towards/to something) / move (to do something) an action that you do or need to do to achieve something. E.g. This latest move by the government has aroused fierce opposition. The management have made no move to settle the strike. Getting a job in marketing was a good career move (Sp. fue un cambio muy provechoso para su carrera profesional).

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