Tuesday, 31 January 2012

Objective Proficiency p 123. Vocabulary

Ex 4
  • Specialize (specialise) + in: e.g. he specialized in criminal law. The shop specializes in hand-made chocolates.
  • Pay attention + to: e.g. Please pay attention (= listen carefully) to what I am saying. Don't pay any attention to what they say (= don't think that it is important).
  • Laugh at somebody/ something: Ridicule. E.g. Everybody laughs at my accent. She is not afraid to laugh at herself (= is not too serious about herself). 
  • Shout at/to somebody to do somethinge.g. She shouted at/to him to shut the gate. 
  • Object: /əbˈdʒekt/ to say that you disagree with, disapprove of or oppose something. Object to doing something/to somebody doing something. E.g.  I really object to being charged for parking.
  • Vote on/for/against: e.g. Did you vote for or against her? We'll listen to the arguments on both sides and then vote on it.
  • Congratulate somebody (on something): /kənˈɡrætʃuleɪt/ e.g. I congratulated them all on their results. 
  • Not care for somebody/something: (formal) to not like somebody/something. E.g. He didn't much care for her friends.
Ex 5 
  • Apply for something: e.g. to apply for a job/passport/grant. Apply to somebody/something (for something) to apply to a company/university.
  • Rely + on: e.g. These days we rely heavily on computers to organize our work. You can rely on me to keep your secret. 
  • Take pride + in: take pride (in something) e.g. I take (a) pride in my work. Take pride (in doing something) e.g. We take great pride in offering the best service in town. 
  • Prohibit: /prəʊˈhɪbɪt/ e.g. Soviet citizens were prohibited from travelling abroad. 
  • Consist in something: (formal) to have something as the main or only part or feature. E.g. The beauty of the city consists in its magnificent buildings.
  • Consist of somebody/something: to be formed from the things or people mentioned. E.g. The committee consists of ten members. Their diet consisted largely of vegetables.
  • Interfere: to get involved in and try to influence a situation that does not concern you, in a way that annoys other people. E.g. I wish my mother would stop interfering and let me make my own decisions. Interfere in something e.g. The police are very unwilling to interfere in family problems. Interfere with something: to prevent something from succeeding or from being done or happening as planned. E.g. She never allows her personal feelings to interfere with her work.
  • Admire somebody/something for something: e.g. the school is widely admired for its excellent teaching. Admire somebody for doing something: e.g. I don't agree with her, but I admire her for sticking to her principles. 
Ex 6
  • Resolved (to do something) (formal) determined. E.g. I was resolved not to see him.
  • Resolution: the act of solving or settling a problem, disagreement, etc. E.g. The government is pressing for an early resolution of the dispute.   
  • Unresolved: not yet solved or answered; not having been resolved. Unresolved mysteries.
  • Unsuited (to/for something)/ unsuited (to do something) /ʌnˈsuːtɪd/ /ʌnˈsjuːtɪd/ not having the right or necessary qualities for something. E.g. He is unsuited to academic work. She was totally unsuited for the job.
  • Suit somebody/something /suːt/ /sjuːt/ E.g. Choose a computer to suit your particular needs. If we met at 2, would that suit you? If you want to go by bus, that suits me fine. Blue suits you. You should wear it more often. I don't think this coat really suits me.
Ex 7 

  • Arouse: / əˈraʊz/ to make somebody have a particular feeling or attitude. E.g. to arouse somebody's interest/curiosity/anger. Her strange behaviour aroused our suspicions. Fox-hunting still succeeds in arousing a great deal of controversy.

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