Monday, 23 January 2012

Objective Proficiency p 115. Vocabulary

Ex 5
  • Suggest: E.g. I suggested going in my car. I suggest (that) we go out to eat.
  • Declare: to state something firmly and clearly. E.g. Few people dared to declare their opposition to the regime. He declared that he was in love with her. 
  • Decide: E.g. We've decided not to go away after all. Why did you decide to look for a new job? She decided (that) she wanted to live in France.
  • Sigh: /saɪ/ to say something with a sigh. Sp. suspirar. E.g. ‘Oh well, better luck next time,’ she sighed. 
  • Catch your death (of cold)(old-fashioned, informal) to catch a very bad cold.
  • Object: E.g. I really object to being charged for parking. He objected that the police had arrested him without sufficient evidence.
  • Claim: to say that something is true although it has not been proved and other people may not believe it. E.g. He claims (that) he was not given a fair hearing.  I don't claim to be an expert.
  • Insist on doing sth: E.g. They insist on playing their music late at night.  
  • Refuse to do something: E.g. He flatly refused to discuss the matter. She refused to accept that there was a problem. 


Ex 6
  • Tentative: /tentətɪvli/ not behaving or done with confidence. Hesitantly. E.g. They have tentatively agreed to our proposal. She smiled tentatively.
  • Reluctantly: /rɪˈlʌktəntli/ E.g. We reluctantly agreed to go with her. Reluctantly, he started the engine and drove off.
  • Resignedly: /rɪˈzaɪnɪdli/ being willing to calmly accept something unpleasant or difficult that you cannot change. E.g. ‘I suppose you're right,’ she said resignedly.
  • Peevishly: /ˈpiːvɪʃli/ easily annoyed by unimportant things; bad-tempered. Sp. de mala manera. E.g.  ‘It's your own fault,’ she said peevishly.
  • Stubbornly: / ˈstʌbənli / determined not to change your opinion or attitude. E.g. She stubbornly refused to pay.
  • Categorically: /ˌkætəˈɡɒrɪkli/ expressed clearly and in a way that shows that you are very sure about what you are saying. Sp. rotundamente. E.g. He categorically rejected our offer.  
Ex 7
  • Sarcastically: E.g. ‘John can't come.’ ‘What a shame,’ my brother said sarcastically.   
  • Pedantically: /pɪˈdæntɪkli/ too worried about small details or rules. E.g. "This large pastry shell is called vol-au-vent," she said pedantically. 
  • Absent-mindedly: tending to forget things, perhaps because you are not thinking about what is around you, but about something else. E.g. She absent-mindedly twisted a strand (a single piece) of hair around her fingers.
  • Decisively: /dɪˈsaɪsɪvli/ able to decide something quickly and with confidence. E.g. She shook her head decisively.
  • Blankly: /ˈblæŋkli / showing no feeling, understanding or interest. E.g. She stared blankly into space, not knowing what to say next.
  • Rudely: E.g. ‘What do you want?’ she asked rudely. 
  • Cautiously: / ˈkɔːʃəsli/ being careful about what you say or do, especially to avoid danger or mistakes; not taking any risks. E.g. She looked cautiously around and then walked away from the house.
Ex 8
  • Breed, bred, bred: to keep animals or plants in order to produce young ones in a controlled way. E.g. The rabbits are bred for their long coats. Greyhounds were originally bred as hunting dogs. The first panda to be bred in captivity.
  • Nomad: /ˈnəʊmæd/ a member of a community that moves with its animals from place to place. 
  • Drift: to move or go somewhere slowly. E.g. The crowd drifted away from the scene of the accident. Her gaze drifted around the room. People began to drift back to their houses.
  • A game animal: a bird that people hunt for sport or food.  
  • Spring up, sprang, sprung: to appear or develop quickly and/or suddenly. E.g. Play areas for children are springing up all over the place. Opposition groups are springing up like mushrooms.
  • Hamlet: /ˈhæmlət/ a very small village.
  • For something's sake: because of the interest or value something has, not because of the advantages it may bring. E.g. I believe in education for its own sake. Art for art's sake.
  • Aristotle: /ˈær ɪ stɒt əl / 
  • Pliny: /ˈplɪn i/
  • Dilettante: /ˌdɪləˈtænti/ pl dilettanti /ˌdɪləˈtæntiː/ or dilettante: a person who does or studies something but is not serious about it and does not have much knowledge. E.g. a dilettante artist (Sp. de poca monta)
  • Second-rate: not very good or impressive. E.g. a second-rate player.
  • Menagerie: /məˈnædʒəri/ a collection of wild animals.
  • Keep/lose track of somebody/something: to have/not have information about what is happening or where somebody/something is. Sp. mantener un registro. E.g. Bank statements help you keep track of where your money is going. I lost all track of time (= forgot what time it was). 

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