Tuesday, 31 January 2012

Objective Proficiency p 123. Prepositions. Extra Key Word Transformations 3

1. James was succeeded by his son, Charles I, who was historically important because he was the King who was executed in Britain's only serious anti-monarchy revolution.
DOWN
James was succeeded by his son, Charles I, who ___________________________ the King who was executed in Britain's only serious anti-monarchy revolution.

2. National movements made great efforts to achieve independence.
STROVE
National movements ______________________.  

3. He quickly added that he was not accusing her of lying.
HASTENED
He ________________ that he was not accusing her of lying. 

4. The concert began at exactly 8.00. 
WAY
The concert _________________ at exactly 8.00. 

5. We cannot afford to take risks when people's lives can be lost.
STAKE
We cannot afford to take risks when people's lives ________________.

6. He developed a flair for getting even the shyest students to talk.
ADEPT
He _______________________ even the shyest students to talk.   

7. Flights may be delayed because of the fog.
SUBJECT
Flights ____________________ because of the fog.  

8. The menu is full of appealing choices at reasonable prices.
EARTH
The menu is full of appealing choices ___________________________.

9. They should do something about buildings that are not in the same style as their surroundings.
KEEPING
 They should do something about buildings that are ____________________ their surroundings.

10. Avoid the centre of town at this time of the evening.
STEER
____________________ the centre of town at this time of the evening. 

KEY
1. James was succeeded by his son, Charles I, who went down in history as the King who was executed in Britain's only serious anti-monarchy revolution.




Go down in history: to be or do something so important that it will be recorded in history. E.g. 2012 went down in history as the year London hosted the Olympics.




2. National movements strove for independence.

Strive, strove, striven: to try very hard to achieve something. E.g. We encourage all members to strive for the highest standards. 




3. He hastened to add that he was not accusing her of lying. 

Hasten: to say or do something without delay  E.g. He has been described as a ‘charmless bore’—not by me, I hasten to add.  




4. The concert got under way at exactly 8.00. 

Under way (or underway): having started. E.g. Preparations are well under way for a week of special events in May. Rescue efforts are underway to find the lost climbers.




5. We cannot afford to take risks when people's lives are at stake. 

At stake: that can be won or lost, depending on the success of a particular action. E.g. The prize at stake is a place in the final. 



6. He became adept at/in getting even the shyest students to talk. 

Adept (at/in something)| adept (at/in doing something) good at doing something that is quite difficult. E.g. She has become adept at hiding her real feelings from others. 
Flair for something a natural ability to do something well. E.g. He has a flair for languages. 



7. Flights are subject to delay because of the fog. 

Subject to something likely to be affected by something, especially something bad. E.g. Smokers are more subject to heart attacks than non-smokers. 




8. The menu is full of appealing choices at down-to-earth prices.

Down to earth: sensible and practical, in a way that is helpful and friendly. Realistic. E.g. "He was just a wonderful, loving, kind, down-to-earth man," she said. He’s as advertised, a really cool, down-to-earth person. 




9. They should do something about buildings that are out of keeping with their surroundings. 

Out of keeping with not appropriate or expected in a particular situation; not in agreement with something. E.g. The painting is out of keeping with the rest of the room.
In keeping (with something) appropriate or expected in a particular situation; in agreement with something. E.g. The latest results are in keeping with our earlier findings.



10. Steer clear of the centre of town at this time of the evening.
Keep/stay/steer clear (of somebody/something) to avoid a person or thing because it may cause problems or it may be unpleasant. E.g. No one mentioned the divorce, so Lisa decided to steer clear of that subject.
 

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