Wednesday, 25 January 2012

Objective Proficiency p 117. Vocabulary

Ex 2
  • Pest: an insect or animal that destroys plants, food, etc. Sp. plaga. E.g. pest control. Insect/plant/garden pests.
  • Pose something: to create a threat, problem, etc. that has to be dealt with. E.g. to pose a threat /challenge /danger /risk. The task poses no special problems.
  • Remarkable: /rɪˈmɑːkəbl /unusual or surprising in a way that causes people to take notice. E.g. a remarkable achievement/career/talent. What is even more remarkable about the whole thing is…
  • Get, etc. somewhere under your own steam: (informal) to go somewhere without help from other people. E.g. I'll get to the party under my own steam.
  • Excess: /ɪkˈses/ more than is necessary, reasonable or acceptable. E.g. The increase will not be in excess of (= more than) two per cent.
  • Produce: / ˈprɒdjuːs/ [uncountable] things that have been made or grown, especially things connected with farming. Sp. productos alimenticios. E.g. farm produce. The shop sells only fresh local produce. It says on the label ‘Produce of France’. 
  • Cargo: / ˈkɑːɡəʊ/ the goods carried in a ship or plane. Sp. Carga. E.g. The tanker began to spill its cargo of oil. A cargo ship.
  • Smuggle: to take, send or bring goods or people secretly and illegally into or out of a country, etc. Sp. Hacer contrabando. E.g. They were caught smuggling diamonds into the country. He managed to smuggle a gun into the prison. Smuggled drugs. We do not yet know how the bomb was smuggled abroad.
  • Stowaway: a person who hides in a ship or plane before it leaves, in order to travel without paying or being seen. 
Ex 4
  • Terrapin: /ˈterəpɪn/ a small turtle (= a reptile with a hard round shell), that lives in warm rivers and lakes in N America.
  • Mutant: / ˈmjuːtənt/ different in some way from others of the same kind because of a change in its genetic structure. E.g. a mutant gene. A mutant strain (type) of the virus.
  • Vicious: /ˈvɪʃəs/ (of animals) aggressive and dangerous. E.g. a vicious dog.
  • Walter Raleigh: /ˈrɔːli/, /ˈræli/, or /ˈrɑːli/ was an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England. He rose rapidly in the favour of Queen Elizabeth I, and was knighted in 1585. He was involved in the early English colonisation of Virginia under a royal patent. In 1591 he secretly married Elizabeth Throckmorton, one of the Queen's ladies-in-waiting, without the Queen's permission, for which he and his wife were sent to the Tower of London. After his release, they retired to his estate at Sherborne, Dorset.
  • Myxomatosis: / ˌmɪksəməˈtəʊsɪs/ an infectious disease of rabbits that usually causes death.
  • Dietary: / ˈdaɪətəri/ E.g. dietary advice/changes/habits. Dietary fibre. Chocolate is a dietary change that has been introduced.
  • Cocoa: / ˈkəʊkəʊ/ dark brown powder made from the crushed seeds (called cocoa beans) of a tropical tree.

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