Saturday, 12 November 2011

Objective Proficiency p 43. Just For the Lulz. Extra Speaking

lulz (plural of lol) /lʌlz/ (in emails, comments on social networking websites, etc.) the feeling that something is amusing, especially because somebody has done something that makes them look silly. E.g. They posted embarrassing photos of him on the Internet, just for the lulz

gleeful: happy because of something good you have done or something bad that has happened to somebody else. E.g. a gleeful laugh. He took a gleeful delight in proving them all wrong.

glee: a feeling of happiness, usually because something good has happened to you, or something bad has happened to somebody else. E.g. He rubbed his hands in glee as he thought of all the money he would make. She couldn't disguise her glee at their embarrassment. His face lit up with impish glee.

impish: showing a lack of respect for somebody/something in a way that is amusing rather than serious. Sp. pícaro, travieso. E.g.  an impish grin/look. He takes an impish delight in shocking the press.

gleefully: in a happy way because of something good you have done or something bad that has happened to somebody else. E.g. He gleefully told me about all the different diseases that I could catch.

gloat (about/at/over something) to show that you are happy about your own success or somebody else’s failure, in an unpleasant way. E.g. She was still gloating over her rival's disappointment.  Don't gloat over your rival's misfortune.

schadenfreude: /ˈʃɑːdnfrɔɪdə/ a feeling of pleasure at the bad things that happen to other people. E.g. I couldn’t resist a touch of schadenfreude when he was defeated so heavily in the election. A business that thrives on Schadenfreude. A frisson of Schadenfreude.

frisson: /ˈfriːsɒ̃/ a sudden strong feeling, especially of excitement or fear. E.g. A frisson of alarm ran down my spine.

be full of the joys of spring: very cheerful. E.g. He seems full of the joys of spring for some reason.

raucous: sounding loud and rough. E.g.  raucous laughter. A raucous voice.  A group of raucous young men.

obnoxious: /əbˈnɒkʃəs/ extremely unpleasant, especially in a way that offends people.  E.g. obnoxious behaviour. A thoroughly obnoxious gaggle of arrogant meatheads.

gaggle: a group of noisy people. E.g. a gaggle of tourists/schoolchildren

meathead: A stupid person. E.g. listen, meathead, do as you’re told.

cohort: /ˈkəʊhɔːt/ a group of people who share a common feature or aspect of behaviour. E.g. the 1999 birth cohort (= all those born in 1999). A cohort of civil servants patiently drafting legislation.
She has cohorts of admirers.

hooligans: a young person who behaves in an extremely noisy and violent way in public, usually in a group. E.g. English football hooligans. Gangs of football hooligans roaming the streets.

stroll: to walk somewhere in a slow relaxed way. E.g. People were strolling along the beach.  

bray: (of a person) to talk or laugh in a loud unpleasant voice. E.g. He brayed with laughter.

yoba rude, noisy and sometimes aggressive and violent boy or young man. E.g. a group of drunken yobs.

lager lout: a young man who drinks too much alcohol and then behaves in a noisy and unpleasant way. E.g. police said he acted like a lager lout and hit an officer.

reveller: /ˈrevələ(r)/ a person who is having fun in a noisy way, usually with a group of other people and often after drinking alcohol. E.g. drunken revellers brawled in the town centre in the early hours. A video emerged of revellers acting like minors on the Plaza Mayor

brawl: to take part in a noisy and violent fight, usually in a public place. E.g. They were arrested for brawling in the street.

like-minded people: having similar ideas and interests. E.g. The club offers an opportunity for like-minded people to get together. 

thuggish: violent; typical of a violent person, especially a criminal. E.g. thuggish brutality. Thuggish fans.

live (from) hand to mouth: to spend all the money you earn on basic needs such as food without being able to save any money. E.g. My ​father ​earned very little and there were four ​kids, so we ​lived from hand to ​mouth.

on the breadline: with barely enough to live on. Sp.  vivir en la miseria, no tener pan que llevarse a la boca. E.g. The widow and her children are on the breadline.

make (both) ends meet: to earn just enough money to be able to buy the things you need. E.g. Many families struggle to make ends meet. E.g. The widow and her four children found it difficult to make ends meet. The beggars are struggling to make ends meet.

eke out a living: to manage to live with very little money. E.g. For years he eked out a miserable existence in a dreary bedsit in Bristol.

on a shoestring: using very little money. E.g. In the early years, the business was run on a shoestring. The beggars have to live on a shoestring.

meagre: lacking in quantity or quality. E.g. they were forced to supplement their meagre earnings. Lead a meagre existence. He eked out a meagre existence as a labourer. They appear to live a meagre existence.

live on breadcrumbs: E.g.  a few people own huge amounts of wealth, while the rest live on breadcrumbs.  

jeer: to laugh at somebody or shout rude remarks at them to show that you do not respect them. E.g. The police were jeered at by the waiting crowd. He’s always jeering at her stupidity.

live/sleep rough: (British English) to live or sleep outdoors, usually because you have no home and no money. E.g. he spent the night sleeping rough on the streets.

shanty: a small house, built of pieces of wood, metal and cardboard, where very poor people live, especially on the edge of a big city. E.g. Nearly 20% of the city’s inhabitants live in shanty towns.

shanty town: an area in or near a town where poor people live in shanties. E.g. These beggars must live in a shanty town.

slum: an area of a city that is very poor and where the houses are dirty and in bad condition. E.g. a slum area. City/urban slums. She was brought up in the slums of Leeds. Slum clearance schemes. A plan to rehouse slum dwellers. A kid from the slums. Born in the slums of East London.

mock: to laugh at somebody/something in an unkind way, especially by copying what they say or do. E.g.  He's always mocking my French accent. The other children mocked her, laughing behind their hands. The fans were mocking the beggars. 

Make fun of: to laugh at somebody/something or make other people laugh at them, usually in an unkind way. E.g. It's cruel to make fun of people who stammer. 

scoff: to laugh or say things to show that you think someone or something is stupid or deserves no respect. E.g. She scoffed at my poem. It’s easy to scoff when you haven’t tried it yourself. He scoffed at college, saying that he'd made a lot of money and he hadn't even bothered to finish college. 

mockery: comments or actions that are intended to make somebody/something seem ridiculous. E.g.
She couldn't stand any more of their mockery. His smile was full of mockery. 

anathema: /əˈnæθəmə/ a thing or an idea which you hate because it is the opposite of what you believe. E.g. Racial prejudice is (an) anathema to me. Racial hatred was anathema to her. Violence was anathema to them. 

come to a head: if you bring a situation to a head or if a situation comes to a head, you are forced to deal with it quickly because it suddenly becomes very bad. To reach a stage in a difficult situation when someone takes a strong action to deal with it. E.g. The crisis came to a head when the teachers' union threatened to sue the city. The violence came to a head with the deaths of six youths. Everything came to a head last week when two of the teachers resigned.

flashpoint: a situation or place in which violence or anger starts and cannot be controlled. E.g. Tension in the city is rapidly reaching flashpoint. Potential flashpoints in the south of the country. The conflict reached a flashpoint last year. Politics here have long been a flashpoint for violence. Christmas is often a flashpoint for domestic violence due to increased drinking, tension over money and contact with family members.

Hurl: to throw something/somebody violently in a particular direction. E.g. He hurled a brick through the window. Someone had hurled a grenade into the building. E.g. They were hurling objects at homeless women.

lob: to throw something so that it goes quite high through the air. E.g. Stones were lobbed over the wall. They were lobbing stones over the wall. Fans were lobbing bottles and rubbish at female beggars.  

bait somebody: to deliberately try to make somebody angry by making cruel or insulting remarks. E.g. The soldiers remained calm even though the crowd was baiting them. Turning poverty into a spectacle, they baited the homeless with coins. Ignore him - he's just baiting you. I ​suspect he was just baiting me.

goad: /ɡəʊd/ to keep irritating or annoying somebody/something until they react. E.g. She ​seemed ​determined to goad him into a ​fight. They goaded the women into doing press-ups. He finally goaded her into answering his question.

taunt somebody  /tɔːnt/ to try to make somebody angry or upset by saying unkind things about them, laughing at their failures, etc. E.g. The other kids continually taunted him about his size. Fans were caught on camera taunting the women and asking them to get down on their knees in exchange for money.

backlash (against something) | backlash (from somebody) a strong negative reaction by a large number of people, for example to something that has recently changed in society. E.g. The government is facing an angry backlash from voters over the new tax. The footage, which also showed fans engaging in anti-immigrant chants and burning banknotes, sparked a backlash after it was published by the Spanish newspaper, El País.

bystander: a person who sees something that is happening but is not involved. E.g. innocent bystanders at the scene of the accident. Three innocent bystanders were killed in the crossfire. In spite of several bystanders trying to intervene, shouts of ‘olé’ whenever money was thrown continued.

onlooker: a person who watches something that is happening but is not involved in it. E.g. A crowd of onlookers gathered at the scene of the crash.

passer-by: (pl. passers-by) a person who is going past somebody/something by chance, especially when something unexpected happens. E.g. Police asked passers-by if they had seen the accident.

heartlessly: in a way that shows no pity for other people. E.g.  Having thrown coins on the floor, the drunken fans cheered heartlessly as the women - mainly understood to be refugees - chased the money that could help feed their families.

callously: /ˈkæləsli/ in a way that shows no care for other people's feelings or suffering. E.g. callously disregarding the concerns of ordinary people.

callous: /ˈkæləs/ not caring about other people’s feelings or suffering. E.g.  a callous killer/attitude/act. A callous disregard for the feelings of others. A callous indifference to the suffering of others. 

perpetrate: to commit a crime or do something wrong or evil. E.g. We need to identify those who perpetrated these callous actions.

contemptible: /kənˈtemptəbl/ not deserving any respect at all. E.g. contemptible behaviour. Their behaviour was contemptible.

despicable/dɪˈspɪkəbl/ very unpleasant or evil. E.g. Their behaviour was despicable.

tearaway: /ˈteərəweɪ/ a young person who is difficult to control and often does stupid, dangerous and/or illegal things. E.g. He was a ​real tearaway at ​school - he was always in ​trouble with ​teachers or with the ​police. There was a group of tearaways at the Plaza Mayor.

haughtiness: /ˈhɔːtinəs/ an unfriendly attitude towards other people because you think that you are better than them. Arrogance. E.g. we locals see haughtiness in their behaviour.

haughty: /ˈhɔːti/ behaving in an unfriendly way towards other people because you think that you are better than them. Arrogant. E.g.  a haughty face/look/manner. He replied with haughty disdain. She threw him a look of haughty disdain.

disdain: the feeling that somebody/something is not good enough to deserve your respect or attention. E.g. they treated the beggars with disdain.

look down on: to think that you are better than somebody/something. E.g. She looks down on people who haven't been to college.

full of yourself: very proud; thinking only of yourself. E.g. I ​doubt he ​even ​thought about what you might need, he’s so full of himself. I couldn’t stand him, he was so full of himself.

chauvinism:/ˈʃəʊvɪnɪzəm/ an aggressive and unreasonable belief that your own country is better than all others. E.g. This is another example of chauvinism towards people from ’less developed’ countries.

chauvinist: /ˈʃəʊvɪnɪst/ a person who has an aggressive and unreasonable belief that their own country is better than all others. E.g. They have been accused of being chauvinists.

chauvinistic: /ˌʃəʊvɪˈnɪstɪk/ showing an aggressive and unreasonable belief that your own country is better than all others. E.g. chauvinistic attitudes. 

jingoism: /ˈdʒɪŋɡəʊɪzəm/ a strong belief that your own country is best, especially when this is expressed in support of war with another country. E.g.  This is another example of jingoism.

jingoist: someone who ​believes that ​their own ​country is always ​best. E.g. He was a ​confirmed jingoist and would ​frequently ​speak about the ​dangers of ​Britain ​forming ​closer ​ties with the ​rest of ​Europe. 

jingoistic: /ˌdʒɪŋɡəʊˈɪstɪk/ showing a strong belief that your own country is best. E.g. They should be ashamed of their jingoistic behaviour.

bully: (V) to frighten or hurt a weaker person; to use your strength or power to make somebody do something. E.g. They were bullied into doing press-ups. 

bully: (N) a person who uses their strength or power to frighten or hurt weaker people. E.g.  the school bully Leave him alone, you big bully! school/playground bullies. He was a bully at school.

booze: (usually used in the progressive tenses) to drink alcohol, especially in large quantities. E.g. They were out boozing with other supporters. He had to quit boozing as it was threatening to wreck his life. 

imbibe (something): /ɪmˈbaɪb/ to drink something, especially alcohol. E.g. Have you been imbibing again? They had been imbibing all day.

binge (/bɪndʒ/ a short period of time when somebody does too much of a particular activity, especially eating or drinking alcohol. E.g. to go on a binge. One of the symptoms is binge eating. I had a shopping binge with my credit card.)

trollied (also trolleyed) (extreme intoxication after drinking alcoholic drinks. So drunk that you have to be moved around in a shopping trolley) E.g. some of them were trollied.

wrecked (British English, slang) very drunk. E.g. Many of them got really wrecked.  
In spite of several bystanders trying to intervene, shouts of ‘olé’ whenever money was thrown continued.

Read more at PSV fans humiliate beggars by throwing coins in Madrid

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Alberto's contribution: 

This morning, I was disgusted seeing a humiliating scene on TV about a cohort of meatheads who were mocking some beggars by throwing some coins at them and also scoffed at them. Those hooligans were gloating over the poor women who were fighting among themselves for the coins on the ground while the lager-louts were also hurling other objects at them.   

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