Friday, 18 November 2011

Objective Proficiency p 49. Vocabulary

Ubiquitous: /juːˈbɪkwɪtəs / seeming to be everywhere or in several places at the same time; very common. E.g.The ubiquitous bicycles of university towns. The ubiquitous movie star, Tom Hanks.

1 B 
Stumble across/on/upon something/somebody: to discover something/somebody unexpectedly. E.g. Police have stumbled across a huge drugs ring (group). I stumbled across Thompson outside the hotel.

2 B 

3 A 

4 A 

5 D 

6 B
take something on [no passive] to begin to have a particular quality, appearance, etc. E.g. The chameleon can take on the colours of its background. His voice took on a more serious tone.

Set on/upon somebody: to attack somebody suddenly. I opened the gate, and was immediately set on by a large dog. The farmer threatened to set his dogs on us.

Come on: to begin. E.g. I can feel a cold coming on. I think there's rain coming on.

7 A 
Enhance something: to increase or further improve the good quality, value or status of somebody/something. E.g. This is an opportunity to enhance the reputation of the company. The skilled use of make-up to enhance your best features.

8 C
tenure /ˈtenjə(r)/
1. the period of time when somebody holds an important job, especially a political one; the act of holding an important job. E.g. his four-year tenure as President. She knew that tenure of high political office was beyond her. 
2 the right to stay permanently in your job, especially as a teacher at a university. E.g. It's still extremely difficult to get tenure. 
3 the legal right to live in a house or use a piece of land. E.g. When you rent a house here, you don't have security of tenure. 

proprietorship /prəˈpraɪətəʃɪp/ the action of owning a business, hotel...

custody: /ˈkʌstədi/ the legal right or duty to take care of or keep somebody/ something; the act of taking care of something/ somebody. E.g. Who will have custody of the children? The divorce court awarded custody to the child's mother. The parents were locked in a bitter battle for custody. The bank provides safe custody for valuables. The castle is now in the custody of the state.

2002 Edition:
Ex 1
  • Beget, begat, begotten: (old use, for example in the Bible) beget somebody: to become the father of a child. E.g. Isaac begat Jacob.
  • Frantic: done quickly and with a lot of activity, but in a way that is not very well organized. Hectic. E.g. Things are frantic in the office right now.
  • Junk something (informal):  to get rid of something because it is no longer valuable or useful. E.g. All their old computers had been junked. His proposals were junked before they were even considered. 
  • Outlive something: to continue to exist after something else has ended or disappeared. E.g. His general theories have outlived those of his contemporaries
  • Unruly: difficult to control or manage. E.g. an unruly class
  • Bypass something: to ignore a rule, an official system or somebody in authority, especially in order to get something done quickly. Eludir, evitar. E.g. They let us bypass the usual admissions procedure.  
  • Ride something out: to manage to survive a difficult situation or time without having to make great changes. Aguantar.  E.g. Do you think we can ride out the recession? To ride out the storm (capear el temporal).

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