Saturday, 19 November 2011

Objective Proficiency p 50. Keys and Vocabulary

Ex 1
  • Busker: someone who performs music in a public place and asks for money from people passing by. Street performer. E.g. I love listening to buskers at Covent Garden. 
  • The Suzuki method: /səˈzuːki/ The Suzuki Method was conceived in the mid-20th century by Shin'ichi Suzuki, a Japanese violinist who desired to bring beauty to the lives of children in his country after the devastation of World War II. As a skilled violinist but a beginner at the German language who struggled to learn it, Suzuki noticed that children pick up their native language quickly, and even dialects adults consider "difficult" to learn are spoken with ease by people of 5 or 6 years. He reasoned that if children have the skill to acquire their mother tongue, then they have the necessary ability to become proficient on a musical instrument. He pioneered the idea that pre-school age children could learn to play the violin if learning steps were small enough and if the instrument was scaled down to fit their body.

2013 Edition


2- D

3- B

4- G

5- A

6- E

7- H

Enduring: /ɪnˈdjʊərɪŋ/ lasting for a long time. Enduring memories. What is the reason for the game's enduring appeal?

compelling that makes you think it is true. Sp. convincente. E.g. There is no compelling reason to believe him. Compelling evidence.

grossly /ˈɡrəʊsli/ (used to describe unpleasant qualities) extremely. E.g. grossly overweight/ unfair/ inadequate. Press reports have been grossly exaggerated.

graft: /ɡrɑːft/ hard work. E.g. Their success was the result of years of hard graft. 

perpetual: /pəˈpetʃuəl/ continuing for a long period of time without interruption. E.g. the perpetual noise of traffic. We lived for years in a perpetual state of fear. (Literary) mountain peaks covered with perpetual snows and ice.

temporary: /ˈtemprəri/ 

implausible: /ɪmˈplɔːzəbl/ not seeming reasonable or likely to be true. E.g. an implausible claim/ idea/ theory. It was all highly implausible. Her explanation is not implausible.

genuine: /ˈdʒenjuɪn/ real, rather than pretended or false. E.g. Morley looked at her with genuine concern.  We are doing everything we can to help people to work towards genuine democracy.  It was a genuine mistake and we ought to forgive him. 

time-consuming: taking or needing a lot of time. E.g. a difficult and time-consuming process.

spill over (into something) to start in one area and then affect other areas. E.g. Unrest has spilt over into areas outside the city. The effects of stress at work can spill over into home life.

unmusical: /ˌʌnˈmjuːzɪkl/ (of a person) unable to play or enjoy music. E.g. I am so totally unmusical.

innumerate /ɪˈnjuːmərət/ unable to count or do simple mathematics. Sp. negado para los números. E.g. even poor old innumerate me, can do that bit of addition.

tone-deaf: unable to sing a tune correctly because you cannot hear the difference between musical notes. E.g. Oh, my hilarious husband thought it would be funny to enter his tone-deaf wife into a singing competition.

enhance something to increase or further improve the good quality, value or status of somebody/ something. E.g. This is an opportunity to enhance the reputation of the company. The skilled use of make-up to enhance your best features.

back somebody/something up  to support somebody/ something; to say that what somebody says, etc. is true. E.g. I'll back you up if they don't believe you. The writer doesn't back up his opinions with examples.

plausible:  /ˈplɔːzəbl/ reasonable and likely to be true. E.g. Her story sounded perfectly plausible. The only plausible explanation is that he forgot.
paradoxical strange because of being the opposite of what you expect. E.g. a paradoxical result.
It is paradoxical that some of the poorest people live in some of the richest areas of the country.

dispel something to make something, especially a feeling or belief, go away or disappear. E.g. His speech dispelled any fears about his health.

confound somebody/something to prove somebody/ something wrong. E.g. to confound expectations. She confounded her critics and proved she could do the job.

uncharted: that has not been visited or investigated before; not familiar. I was moving into uncharted territory(= a completely new experience) with this relationship. 

2002 Edition
  • Setback difficulty or problem that delays or prevents something, or makes a situation worse. Contratiempo, revés. E.g. The team suffered a major setback when their best player was injured. 
  • Boost: to make something increase, or become better or more successful. E.g. to boost exports/profits. The movie helped boost her screen career. To boost somebody's confidence/morale. Getting that job did a lot to boost his ego (= make him feel more confident).
  • Doily: a small circle of paper or cloth with a pattern of very small holes in it.  

  • Hunting for sth: to look for something that is difficult to find. E.g. She is still hunting for a new job. 
  • Arouse something: to make somebody have a particular feeling or attitude. E.g. to arouse somebody's interest/curiosity/anger. E.g. Her strange behaviour aroused our suspicions. Fox-hunting still succeeds in arousing a great deal of controversy. Arousal (N). 
  • Outperform somebody/something: to achieve better results than somebody/something. E.g. The company has consistently outperformed its larger rivals. 
  • Detractor: /dɪˈtræktə/ a person who tries to make somebody/something seem less good or valuable by criticizing it. E.g. Detractors claim the building will be ugly and impractical.
  • Skewed: /skjuːd/ not straight or level. Torcido. E.g. The car had ended up skewed across the road. 
  • Take issue with somebody (about/on/over something): (formal) to start disagreeing or arguing with somebody about something. E.g. I must take issue with you on that point. 
  • Cast/shed/throw light on something: (Shed, shed, shed). To make a problem, etc. easier to understand. E.g. Recent research has thrown new light on the causes of the disease.
  • Imagery: /ˈɪmɪdʒəri/ language that produces pictures in the minds of people reading or listening. Imágenes. E.g. poetic imagery.
  • Wear off: to gradually disappear or stop. E.g. The effects of the drug will soon wear off. The novelty of married life was beginning to wear off.
  • Printout: a page or set of pages containing information in printed form from a computer. E.g. a printout of text downloaded from the Internet.

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